The Canadian ELD (ELOG) Mandate
Deadline & HOS Rules - Q4 2019
The Canadian Trucking Alliance’s (CTA) , by coincidence or not, issued their timeframes for the elog regulation on December 18,2017, the same day that ELD compliance formally came into effect in the US. They requested that compliance be fully enforced by the fourth quarter of 2019, with existing devices (such as ERDs) permitted until 2022.
- Will be enforced by the fourth quarter of 2019
- Existing “e-logging” devices (AOBRDs,EOBRs,e-Logs) permitted until 2022
- Will standardize processes to prevent errors, logbook tampering and driver harassment
- Will adopt most of the provisions in the U.S. Mandate from December 2017
- Won’t change the Hours of Service regulations—just how drive time is recorded and reported
- Will require replacing paper logs with a regulation-compliant device that connects directly to the engine ECM
- Still undecided over which model year elog would be regulated to- Either model trucks 1995 and newer or model year 2000 and newer
- Still undecided over the handling of rented and leased vehicles and out-of-service orders for failure to have an ELD
The Canadian government has linked ELD devices with safer roads and preventing fatigue, like the reasons supplied by the U.S. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). It says: “Driver fatigue is recognized in Canada and internationally as a critical risk factor associated with motor vehicle crashes, accounting for 15-20% of crashes in transportation. Commercial motor vehicle drivers are particularly at risk because of the monotonous nature of their work, extended work days, irregular schedules and poor sleep hygiene.
For a number of years, the Canadian Trucking Alliance has been pointing to research that shows a universal Electronic Logging Device mandate would have a direct and immediate impact on curbing behaviors strongly linked with higher crash rates . “We’re constantly looking at how technology can improve road safety, and electronic stability control and electronic logging devices fit the bill,” said Canadian Transport Minister Marc Garneau. “These new measures not only make trucks and buses safer, but they also have a trickle-down effect of making the roads safer for all Canadians.”
The Canadian ELD announcement was received with open arms by trucking bodies in Canada. Mike Millian, President of The Private Motor Truck Council of Canada (PMTC) welcomed the introduction of the ELDs stating: “we are firm believers that this regulation will benefit the entire industry. Electronic logs will make compliance easier to verify, ensuring all carriers are following the hours of service rules. This will result in a leveling of the playing field within the industry and improved road safety for all.”
Last updated December 4, 2018:
It is expected that the introduction of ELD in Canada will mirror the timeline of the process in the U.S. There, the FMCSA published the rule in 2015, with a phase-in compliance from December 2017. The phase-in process sees the mandatory use of ELDs with existing AOBRDs grandfathered for two years. ELDs will be mandatory by December 2019.
In Canada, motor carriers and drivers will have two years to prepare for the implementation of ELDs. This gives carriers the time to select and install ELDs and train their drivers in how to use them.
Within those two years of transition, drivers and carriers will be exempt from compliance with the new ELD provisions. After the two-year transition period, full compliance will be required.
The precise timeline for the introduction of the Canadian ELD is still under review. It is expected that the timeline will be like that of the introduction of ELDs in the U.S., with a public comment period, publication, compliance date and end of a grandfather clause.
From the FMCSA Website: The electronic logging device rule is intended to help create a safer work environment for drivers, and make it easier and faster to accurately track, manage, and share records of duty status (RODS) data. An ELD synchronizes with a vehicle engine to automatically record driving time, for easier, more accurate hours of service (HOS) recording.
Currently, the Canadian ELD proposal is in the Gazette 1 phase, and the CTA would like to see it reach Gazette 2 (final decision) by June of 2018.
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