What Is ELD & How to Prepare Drivers
As of April 1 2018, enforcement officers will begin removing drivers from service who do not have a compliant ELD or grandfathered AOBRD.
First violations for non-compliant drivers is an out of service order for ten hours. After the 10 hour period, drivers will be allowed to complete their delivery even though they are not ELD compliant.
The penalty for a second offence is unclear, but what is clear, you don’t want to take the risk and find out with a fully loaded truck.
There is a lot of confusion and fear towards the full enforcement deadline, especially amongst drivers not knowing what to expect from the inspection process. Before we jump into ways to calm drivers down and make sure they are fully prepared for inspection time, let’s discuss what the ELD mandate is.
What is the ELD Mandate?
The ELD mandate, or ELD Final Rule, is a U.S. federal government regulation specifying that operators of commercial motor vehicles covered by this law will be required to use electronic logging devices, or ELDs.
These devices are designed to record data related to operation of the vehicle and to driver activity. The driver information mainly concerns hours of service, or HOS. Commercial truckers are restricted to a maximum number of hours they are allowed to drive between rest periods. HOS is a permanent record of driving hours, on-duty hours (when drivers are working but not driving) and rest time, over the course of a trip.
The ELD mandate requires replacing paper logs and an earlier type of recorder called an Automatic On-Board Recording Device (AOBRD) with automated ELD technology.
Who is Affected by the ELD Mandate
Basically, the ELD mandate covers commercial driving operations that are required to keep hours of service records — that is, drivers or operators who were using paper logbooks before this rule was passed.
Specifically, this includes:
- Interstate commercial motor vehicle drivers currently required to keep RODS (record of duty status)
- Vehicles that weigh more than 10,001 pounds
- Vehicles with placarded hazmat loads
- Vehicles carrying more than 8 or 15 passengers (depending on vehicle class).
Some vehicle classes and drivers are exempt from the rule. These are:
- Drivers who operate within a 100-air-mile radius, who may continue to use timecards
- Non-CDL (commercial driver license) freight drivers who operate within a 150-air-mile radius
- “Drive-away, tow-away” operators
- Vehicles manufactured before model year 2000.
5 main Tips For The ELD Mandate:
- Ensure your Device is Authorized – Make sure you are using an authorized logging device registered with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. Make sure it is based on bluetooth or USB and NOT Cellular!.
- Do a Test Run – Show the driver how to produce and transfer data electronically from an ELD to an authorized law enforcement officer.
- Have the ELD User Manual and DOT Inspection Card Handy –Ensure drivers have the proper regulation requirements available in their cab (Any of this information can be in electronic form):
- A user manual describing how to use the ELD;
- An instruction sheet for producing and transferring data;
- An instruction sheet for reporting malfunctions and record-keeping procedures during malfunctions;
- A supply of blank records of duty status for recording hours of service for at least 8 days.
- Have a Policy in Place for “Personal Conveyance” – It should be very clear whether drivers are or are not operating under personal conveyance, as any movement must be documented. Show the driver how to select the “personal conveyance” category instead of the regular driving category in the ELD device. If this status isn’t selected before moving the vehicle, ELDs are required to log this time as commercial driving- without the possibility of editing this down the road.
- Training, Training, Training – The more the driver knows and can articulate to the officer, the better. The more training you can do and whatever kind of aids you can have for drivers, the easier the roadside inspection process will be.
If you already have an ELD compliant solution from Wireless links, check out our Knowledge Base for additional tips for success. If you still need to purchase ELDs, fill out the “contact us” form below. We can help you become US & Canadian ELD compliant quickly and ensure that your fleet stays on the road.